2014 African Transformation Report

What is Transformation?

Our report’s main premise is that African economies need more than growth—if they are to transform, they need growth with DEPTH. That is, they need to Diversify their production, make their Exports competitive, increase the Productivity of farms, firms, and government offices, and upgrade the Technology they use throughout the economy—all to improve Human well-being.

But transformation is a long-term process. It requires constructive relationships between the state and the private sector. Private firms will lead in the production and distribution of goods and services, in upgrading technologies and production processes, and in expanding employment. But firms need a state that has strong capabilities in setting an overall economic vision and strategy, efficiently providing supportive infrastructure and services, maintaining a regulatory environment conducive to entrepreneurial activity, and making it easier to acquire new technology and enter new economic activities and markets.

To request a hard copy of the report, please send an email that includes your name and address to atr@acetforafrica.org.

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Leading transformation—the buck starts here

In August 2011, late Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi went to Beijing, advised by the chief economist at the World Bank about the rising wages and pending relocation of the Chinese shoe industry to low-income countries. Zenawi’s mission? Bring a factory back to Ethiopia. Other African countries can learn from the trip’s success, above all the need for leadership at the highest levels to make projects happen.

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Country profile—Mozambique

Mozambique’s progress of economic transformation has been encouraging. It ranked 16th (out of comparator 21 African countries) in 2000 and improved to 11th in 2010, moving ahead of Ghana, Benin, Malawi, Tanzania and Benin. In spite of significant growth in per-capita income in the 2000s, Mozambique’s ranking on the human wellbeing index has fallen, from 15th among the 21 countries in 2000, to 16th in 2005, and 17th in 2010.

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Kickstarting agroprocessing value chains

Agriculture has the potential to contribute greatly to economic transformation, just as it did earlier in many developed countries. It can increase incomes in rural areas. It can increase exports and the foreign exchange needed to import machinery and other inputs for industry. And it can expand the markets for inputs and consumption goods and services for the nonagricultural sectors.

Going Beyond Growth

About ACET

The African Center for Economic Transformation (ACET) is an Accra-based economic policy institute supporting long-term growth with transformation of Africa’s economies. Founded by K.Y. Amoako, former Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa, ACET has roughly 30 core staff from every sub-region of the continent, including Burkina Faso, DR Congo, Ghana, Kenya, and Morocco. See more at acetforafrica.org.